Indonesian citizen, 69 years old. He holds a bachelor’s degree from the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences from the University of Indonesia and Master in International Public Policy from John Hopkins University, Washington DC, USA.
He was a member of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia (RI) in 1982-2004, member of the People’s Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia in 1982-2009, Deputy Chairman of Commission I of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia 1990-1994, Chairman of BKSAP (Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation Body) 1997, Chairman of the House of Representatives Development Faction Fr. 1997-1998, Vice Chairman of the Golkar Party Fraction MPR RI in 1999-2004, Minister of Manpower, Development Cabinet VII in 1998 Minister of State Housing and Settlements, Development Reform Cabinet 1998-1999, chairman of commission I DPR RI in 2004-2009.
He served as President Commissioner of PT Multipolar Tbk and Vice President Commissioner at PT Matahari Putra Prima Tbk.
Currently, he is also the President Commissioner of PT Lippo Karawaci Tbk, as Commissioner of PT Gowa Makassar Tourism Development Tbk and PT Siloam International Hospitals Tbk.